Throughout your body, there are locations where lymph nodes are found. They are small and bean-shaped that are found in groups that filter lymph fluid throughout specific areas of the body. Frequently people will notice lymph nodes in their neck because of the location and that they help fight some of the more common illnesses, infections and diseases.

When a location in the body doesn’t have lymph nodes due to a Lymphadenectomy it can cause fluid to collect in the area where it was removed.

Groups and Functions

The regions of the body have specific lymph node groups that are dedicated to maintaining the cells in that region. The lymph will provide nourishment for the cells in the body while removing debris and pathogens as it travels to different groups. These are some of the groups and locations that they maintain:

  • Cervical – this group is located in the head, neck, and jaw, they include nodes that are deep along the blood vessels, they filter the areas located above the shoulders
  • Mediastinal – found in the chest by the lungs, bronchi, and windpipe and will circulate in that location
  • Axillary – located in the underside of the arm and circulates lymph in the breast, chest, and upper abdomen
  • Inguinal – found in the groin area and take care of genitals, lower limbs, and abdomen

The lymph nodes near nerve endings can cause pain and affect the function in that area of the body. The ones near organs may cause pressure and prevent the functioning of that organ. When an area of lymph nodes are swelling longer than a few days, you should have a medical professional examination. Doing so will help prevent any serious medical conditions be undiagnosed. Understand More About Swollen Lymph Nodes.

Picture of Locations

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Numbers and Locations in the Body

Though there may be just a few groups of lymph nodes that draw attention like along your neck,  under the arm and around the groin; however, there are many more location throughout the body adding up to roughly 500-700 of them. They start from the head all the way down to the knees, ready to fulfill their function to fight any pathogens; trap debris or even in rare cases battle cancer cells while the lymph is filtering throughout the body. Some are near the surface and others are deeper, which wouldn’t be noticed when swollen from a disease or infection. Each area distributes, filters and drains lymph fluid from various regions of the body.

Common Causes for Swelling

Of the hundreds of lymph nodes located throughout the body, as stated before, not all of them are near the surface and will be notice when swollen. Keep in mind, the common cold and flu will cause ones along the neck to swell during the battle against the viral or bacterial infection. They swell when they start producing special white blood cells, called lymphocytes (Lymphocyte: Low and High Levels – MedFriendly.com Icon: External Link)and macrophages to destroy the bacteria or virus. Also, when they filter more than they can destroy or more than what can be carried away in the lymph, they will become enlarged. The following are some of the common ailments that can cause this to occur:

Some medications can cause the cervical lymph nodes to swell up, become tender, and be painful. The ones located under the arm can grow in response to breast cancer that was not diagnosed early and spread to the lymph nodes. An infection in the chest can also cause these nodes to enlarge. When there is a diagnosis of cancer (Cancer Diagnosis – cancer.stanford.edu Icon: External Link), the nodes in the area will be removed, and a biopsy performed.

Lymphadenectomy Effects on the Body

A biopsy requires the removal of the lymph node.  The sentinel node is frequently removed to minimize the amount of nodes for the biopsy. Studies indicate that if cancer cells are not found in the sentinel node, it has not spread to other parts of the body. Every surgery has possible risk and complications but operations that are distinct with the removal of the lymph nodes include the following:

  • Weakened immune system
  • Seroma – buildup of lymph fluid in the area
  • Lymphedema – lymph fluid collection in limbs

The fewer nodes removed, the better because the location where they are removed will be without a filter for the lymph, and it will interfere with the flow. This can cause side effects that are evident immediately or may not appear for months and even sometimes years after the surgery.

Additional Information – Lymphadenectomy

Conclusion

The risk of not knowing that cancer has spread is greater than the risk of a lymphadenectomy even though each location plays an important role in the flow of lymph and the immune system.