Hodgkin’s disease is also known as Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It is a cancer that affects the lymphatic system, which is an important part of the immune system. It is a rare cancer that is even rarer in children, than adults. Approximately 4,000 women, almost 5,000 men, and 500 children are diagnosed with it yearly (2012).

It will take the life of about 1300 people per year. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is more common Hodgkin lymphoma. Recognizing the symptoms and treating the cancer promptly increases the survival rate, which varies. People who have Hodgkin’s disease have a high survival rate.

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a disease of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system consists of hundreds of lymph nodes that filter and move lymphocytes and white blood cells throughout the body. Lymph nodes will swell when they become overwhelmed with filtering debris, like cancer cells from the body. Hodgkin’s disease (lymphoma) is when there are cancer cells in the lymph system. There are two types of Hodgkin’s disease.

Additional Information – Hodgkin’s Disease

Types

The two types of Hodgkin’s disease include classical and nodular lymphocyte-predominant. The classical type is the most common.

Classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma has different types, which include the following:

  1. Nodular sclerosing
  2. Mixed cellularity
  3. Lymphocyte depletion
  4. Lymphocyte-rich classical

Nodular lymphocyte-predominant (NLPHL) is a rare form of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Only about 5% of the cases are this type. The symptoms of both types of the diseases are the same.

Symptoms

The common symptoms of Hodgkin’s disease include swollen lymph nodes that are painless. The swollen nodes can be in the neck, groin, or underarm. Other symptoms include the following:

  • Night sweats that are drenching
  • Fever with an unknown origin
  • Weight loss for no reason
  • Skin that is itchy
  • Fatigue
  • Lowered tolerance of alcohol
  • Coughing or breathing problems
  • Loss of appetite

When a person has symptoms of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, tests will be done to determine if this type of cancer is the cause. The tests will include a physical exam, health history, blood test, and lymph node biopsy. Other scans and tests may also be utilized to stage the cancer. Treatment for adult and childhood Hodgkin’s disease is similar (Trial Suggests New Treatment Option for Hodgkin Lymphoma – cancer.govIcon: External Link).

Read About – Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

Treatment

The success of treating Hodgkin’s disease will depend on the stage the cancer is in at diagnosis, the patient’s age, gender, and health history. It is often curable when diagnosed and treated early. Treating this type of lymphoma includes radiation, chemotherapy, and stem cell transplant. Since this cancer has the potential to spread throughout the body, alternative medicine is not recommended without a healthcare professional monitoring the results.

Conclusion

Hodgkin’s disease is a rare cancer, but the prognosis is good with prompt treatment and early diagnosis with children having a higher cure rate than adults.