Hodgkin’s disease was the original lymphoma to be defined as early as 1832 by Prof. Hodgkins. Over the years, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma has become quite common. In the United States, it is estimated that 69,000 new cases and 19,000 deaths from non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma will occur yearly. It has not been pursued in detail as of now, and there are many points still in the dark.

Many doctors adopt a waiting policy where they inspect the patient patiently before coming to a practical conclusion. It is diagnosed (Understanding a Lymphoma Diagnosis) by biopsy through needle insertion. In serious manifestations, the whole part containing affected lymph nodes needs to be taken out. It is treated by a combination of radiation and chemotherapy. The logic is to retain the white blood cells to grow and multiply. Since it is an immune system-specific disease, immunotherapy or boosting the immune system is deemed the best antidote.

Stem cell transplant that has its precepts on DNA strands, is also quite effective but highly expensive and very few can afford it.

Lymphoma Basics

Lymphoma is a cancer that is caused due to irregularities in lymphocytes or lymph cells. Each body regularly has smart immune system; antigens and antibodies residing in lymph nodes, spleen and particularly bone marrow. Lymph cells have regulated growth but sometimes due to any irregularity; they start multiplying in violent fashion. The affected area becomes unable to stem the process, and lymphoma occurs. The most-common sign is a big lump in the affected area. The synovial fluid in lymph nodes is also overly agitated.

Although the very name of cancer spells terror in human minds, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is not all that life-threatening unless it reaches its final stages. It may happen in single nodes or affect the entire bone marrow. Bone marrow dysfunction becomes a serious issue as the organ hosts both the initial currents of both white blood cells and red blood cells.

Aggressive Lymphomas

Some lymphomas are rather delayed and take years to form. A few however are termed aggressive and cause an unrestrained growth of white blood cells, many of which are clones (Investigational targeted drug induces responses in aggressive lymphomasIcon: External Link). Thus, the basic process of strengthening the immune system is lost as an internal battle to multiply starts between the affected white blood cells.

Lymphocytes

Lymphocytes are white blood cells and are essential for welfare of health. Their rapid mutation ensures lack of red blood cells and resulting in the decrease of hemoglobin levels. Thus, they are also called hematological cancers. Their exact cause has not come out yet, and many patients show sluggish symptoms of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which delays their treatment. Some symptoms that need to be kept in mind are:

  • Redness of skin
  • Sweating at night
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Itching

These symptoms, however, are indicative of various other diseases and there lies the problem.

Additional Information – Hodgkin’s Disease

Conclusion

It has better or worse chance to affect old people, immune-deficient people and those having born immunity disorder. Treatment may go from a few months to even a year based on the stage of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Medication however becomes a lifetime business for the sufferers. People suffer immense pain and debilitation in the final stages before they pass away.